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Imperative Irregular Ud.-Uds. — Spanish Verb Conjugation

There are 3 sets of Spanish irregular verbs for Ud. and Uds. commands that follow certain patterns and rules. The key is to go over all the lessons in this section enough so these verbs become second nature to you - so you don’t have to think of the rule every time you try to conjugate the verb. With enough practice and repetition, you can get to the point where correct conjugation will just come out naturally.

First we’ll look at a group of 18 irregulars. With 15 of the 18 of these, to get the stem, you take the “yo” present tense form, then put on the opposite ending. For example, the “yo” present tense form of “to leave” is “salgo”, so you just take off the “o” and put on the opposite ending. Let’s take a look at the first 15 that follow this rule.

tener (becomes)

-

tenga/n
(for Ud. and tengan for Uds.)

 

venir

-

venga/n

 

valer

-

valga/n

These last 3 don’t follow the “yo” present tense rule. They are simply irregular. There’s no rule for them. You’ll simply have to memorize them.

hacer

-

haga/n

 

salir

-

salga/n

 

saber

-

sepa/n

poner

-

ponga/n

 

conducir

-

conduzca/n

 

ir

-

vaya/n

traducir

-

traduzca/n

 

decir

-

diga/n

 

ser

-

sea/n

traer

-

traiga/n

 

oír

-

oiga/n

 

ver

-

vea/n


The rule of taking the “yo” form of the present tense conjugation to find the stem also applies to this second group of irregular verbs. These are stem-changing verb that you learned back in present tense. Let’s take a look at these:

eàie

oàue

cerrar (becomes)

cierre/n
(for Ud. and cierren for Uds.)

dormer

duerma/n


eài

iày

pedir   

pida/n

destruir

destruya/n


Now take a look at charts of all of the irregulars you have learned up to this point that apply in this area.

      oàue

eàie

sleep (dormir)

duerma/n

close (cerrar)

cierre/n

be able (poder)

pueda/n

feel (sentir)

sienta/n

count (contar)

cuente/n

start (empezar)

empiece/n

die (morir)

muera/n

lose (perder)

pierda/n

eat lunch (almorzar)

almuerce/n

prefer (preferir)

prefiera/n

find (encontrar)

encuentre/n

require (requerir)

requiera/n

move (mover)

mueva/n

start (comenzar)

comience/n

play (jugar)

juegue/n

think (pensar)

piense/n

remember (recordar)

recuerde/n

understand (entender)

entienda/n

return (volver)

vuelva/n

want (querer)

quiera/n

return an item (devolver)

devuelva/n

recommend (recomendar)

recomiende/n

show (mostrar)

muestre/n

 

 


eài

iày

ask for (pedir)

pida/n

destroy (destruir)

destruya/n

follow (seguir)

siga/n

include (incluir)

incluya/n

get (conseguir)

consiga/n

 

 

repeat (repetir)

repita/n

 

 

serve (server)

sirva/n

 

 


Just take a minute to look at them and read through them to start becoming familiar with them. But don’t worry about memorizing them for now. We’ll go through plenty of practice with these in the following corresponding software lessons.

Now we’ll look at the third and final group of irregulars. They are only irregular in spelling. The first one is “pagar”. If I changed the “ar” to an “e”, it would be pronounced “page”. So, to make it so it’s pronounce “pague”, we have to put a “u” after the “g”. Something similar happens to the verb “practicar” which would become “practice”; so we have to add a “qu” for it to become “practique”. Finally is the verb “empezar”. Spanish has a rule that you can never have a “z-e” or “z-i", so it changes the “z” to a “c”.

Here’s a chart of irregulars to look at and become familiar with.

Spelling Changes

-gar to gue/guen

-car to que/quen

-zar to ce/cen

pagar

pague/n

practicar

practique/n

empezar

empiece/n

entregar

entregue/n

buscar

busque/n

comenzar

comience/n

pegar

pegue/n

explicar

explique/n

almorzar

almuerce/n

llegar

llegue/n

sacar

saque/n

 

 

jugar

juegue/n

tocar

toque/n

 

 


Finally, there are 2 verbs that are irregular in the fact that they need accents. The verb “dar” becomes “dé” with an accent to distinguish it from the proposition “de” which means “of from or about”. However, the Uds. version is regular and doesn’t have an accent. The final one is “estar” which needs an accent over the “e” in both the Ud. as well as the “Uds.” conjugation.

Dar (to give)                dé/den
Estar (to be)                esté/estén


Spanish Review

don't sleep (Sra. Vargas)

no duerma

count (Sr. Álvarez)

cuente

don't die (Sra. Vásquez)

no muera

eat lunch (Sr. Tapia)

almuerce

find (Sra. Fernández)

encuentre

move (Sr. Sanchez)

mueva

play (Sra. Carrasco)

juegue

remember (Sr. Gómez)

recuerde

return (Sra. Cortés)

vuelva

return/give back (an item) (Sr. Hernandez)

devuelva

show (Sra. Sanchez)

muestre

close (Sr. Herrera)

cierre

don't feel (Sra. Nuñez)

no sienta

don't begin (Sr. García)

no empiece

don't lose (Sra. Rivera)

no pierda

don't require (Sr. Miranda)

no requiera

don't start (Sra. Bravo)

no comience

don't think (Sr. Molina)

no piense

understand (Sra. Vega)

entienda

don't want (Sr. Campos)

no quiera

don't recommend (Sra. Sandoval)

no recomiende

ask for (all of you)

pidan

follow (all of you)

sigan

get/obtain (all of you)

consigan

repeat (all of you)

repitan

serve (all of you)

sirvan

destroy (all of you)

destruyan

include (all of you)

incluyan

pagar (all of you)

paguen

entregar (all of you)

entreguen

pegar (all of you)

peguen

don't arrive (all of you)

no lleguen

don't play (all of you)

no jueguen

don't practice (all of you)

no practiquen

don't look for (all of you)

no busquen

don't explain (all of you)

no expliquen

don't take out (all of you)

no saquen

don't touch (all of you)

no toquen

don't eat lunch (all of you)

no almuercen

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