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Past Subjunctive ER IR — Spanish Verb Conjugation

Learning to conjugate Spanish verbs can be difficult. But if you learn these past subjunctive ER IR verbs and you'll be on your way to being fluent in a foreign language!


Spanish Mini Course - Past Subjunctive Er Ir Verbs

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To form the past subjunctive for ER/IR verbs, you take the root of the verb and add the following endings:

-iera

-iéramos

-ieras

-ierais

-iera

-ieran


Let’s see if you can guess how these would work.

I wanted them to eat

Yo quería que ellos comieran

Maybe they wrote it

Tal vez lo escribieran

If she saw it

Si lo viera

She wanted me to attend

Ella quería que yo asistiera

They insisted that you (tú) sell it

Ellos insistioron en que tú lo vendieras

Before he ran

Antes que corriera (él)

I didn’t believe that he opened it

Yo no creía que (él) lo abriera




One key to learn a foreign language is practice. Go ahead and repeat the endings one more time:

-iera

-iéramos

-ieras

-ierais

-iera

-ieran


Now, just like with “ar”, “er” and “ir” past subjunctive also have an alternate set of endings and here they are:

-iese

-iésemos

-ieses

-ieseis

-iese

-iesen


As I mentioned before, these endings are completely optional, however, if you’re a real overachiever, you may want to try to learn these endings.

Here’s an example of a verbs conjugated with the alternate endings:

comiese

comiésemos

comieses

comieseis

comiese

comiesen


Feel free to repeat this lesson as many times as you’d like, then move on to the other lessons to practice more.

Spanish Review

we doubted that he believed

dudamos que creiera

they wanted her to eat

querían que comiera

he liked me to read

le gustaba que leiera

it was important for us to surprise

fue importante que sorprendieramos

you (Sra. Parra) needed them to write

necesitaba que escribieran

you all preferred them to run

prefirieron que corrieran

they told him to drink

le dijeron que bebiera

it was hard for her to learn

era dificil que aprendiera

I was hoping you (Silvia) would promise

esperaba que prometieras

She wished us to understand

deseaba que comprendieramos

He didn't believe they would see

no creía que vieran

it wasn't necessary for you (Roberto) to sell

no fue necesario que vendieras

You (Sr.  Peña) didn't ask her to go up

no le pidió que subiera

You all insisted that we live

insistieron que vivieramos

I didn't think that you all permitted

no pensaba que permitieran

...so that we received

...para que recibieramos

before they ate

antes de que comieran

unless you all decided

a menos que decidieran

hopefully you (Sra. Parra) learned

ojalá que aprendiera

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