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“E” to “I” and Others present tense — Spanish Verb Conjugation

The final set of irregular verbs is kind of a mixture of many different groups. The first group is made up of verbs whose stems change from “e” to “i”. This time, the “yo” form of the verbs is irregular, but as usual, the nosotros form likes to stay regular – in other words, the “e” doesn’t change to “i”. Vosotros, used only in Spain, also likes to stay regular.

Let’s take a look at these Spanish stem changing verbs:

( all forms: Yo, Ud. etc...)   (Nosotros –  regular)
The verb [consegu][ir]    changes to:   consigo, consigue, etc.      conseguimos
The verb [ped][ir]           changes to:   pido, pide, etc.            pedimos
The verb [repet][ir]         changes to:   repito, repite, etc.        repetimos
The verb [serv][ir]          changes to:   sirvo, sirves, etc.         servimos
The verb [segu][ir]          changes to:   sigo, sigues                 seguimos


Now let’s briefly review the verb “ir” or “to go”. Remember, what’s in the parenthesis is optional.

I go

(Yo) Voy

 

We go

(Nosotros) Vamos

(Juan) You go

(Tú) Vas

 

 

 

He goes

(Él) Va

 

They go (males)

(Ellos) Van

She goes

(Ella) Va

 

They go (females)

(Ellas) Van

(Mrs. Vasquez) you go

(Ud.) Va

 

All of you go

(Uds.) Van


Remember, if you put a verb after “voy”, you have to put an “a” afterwards. For example, the phrase “I’m going to eat” would be “Voy a comer” and the phrase “She’s going to run” would be “(Ella) Va a correr”. Now we’ll take a look at the verb “to hear” or “oír”:

I hear (Yo) Oigo We hear (Nosotros) Oímos

(Juan) You hear

(Tú) Oyes

He hears

Oye

They hear (males)

Oyen

She hears

They hear (females)

(Mrs. Vasquez) you hear

All of you hear


The next irregular just adds an accent on all forms except the “nosotros” form since it likes to stay regular (or unchanged). It’s the verb “to continue” or in Spanish “continuar”.

continúo

continuamos

continúas

(continuáis)

continúa

continúan


The next two irregular verbs add a “y” in certain locations. Look and notice where the “y” is: The first one is “to destroy” or in Spanish “destruir”

destruyo

destruimos

destruyes

(destruéis) – check spelling

destruye

destruyen


This next verb is “to include” or in Spanish “incluyo”

incluyo

incluimos

incluyes

(incluéis) – check spelling

incluye

incluyen


The final two verbs in this irregular section are “Ser” and “Estar” which you learned in Level I. Remember that “Ser” is used to describe permanent characteristics like “tall” or “interesting”. The verb “estar” is used to describe temporary characteristics like “happy” or “frustrated”.

We’ll start with “ser”

soy

somos

eres

(sois)

es

son


Now on to "estar"

                                       
estoy

estamos

estás

(estáis)

Está

están


Spanish Practice Session

Now let’s practice these verbs before going on to the next lesson. As I’ve mentioned before, the best way to learn them is to become familiar with how they look and repeat them a few times.

Let’s begin the quiz:

I ask for…

pido

She asks for…

pide

We ask for…

pedimos

I get

consigo

He gets

consigue

We get

conseguimos

(Juan) You  repeat

repites

They repeat

repiten

We repeat

repetimos

(Juana) You serve

sirves

(All of you) serve

sirven

We serve

servimos

(Mrs. Méndez) You follow

sigue

They follow

siguen

We follow

seguimos

They hear

oyen

I hear

oigo

We hear

oímos

They go

van

(José) You go

vas

We go

vamos

(All of you) continue

continúan

She continues

continúa

We continue

continuamos

I don’t destroy

no destruyo

He doesn’t destroys

no destruye

We don’t destroy

no destruimos

She doesn’t includes

no incluye

They don’t include

no incluyen

We don’t include

no incluimos

I am (permanent)

Soy

She is (permanent)

Es

We are (permanent)

Somos

I am (temporary)

Estoy

He is (temporary)

Está

We are (temporary)

Estamos

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