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ER/IR Present Tense — Spanish Verb Conjugation

As you become fluent in Spanish, it's important to learn the Present Tense endings for “er/ir” verbs. Learn the conjugation then review with our free Spanish flash cards and games.



Spanish Mini Course - Present Er Ir Verbs

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We'll start with the basics:

The ending for Yo is                                     o  

…nosotros                  emos for (er verbs)

And for “ir” verbs it is  imos

… tú is            es (remember, you use “tú” if                         you’re on a first-name basis                         with someone. And for the verb                         ending, you add the friendly “s”

…vosotros (used only in Spain)             éis

Remember that “vosotros” is the plural form of “tú”

 …Él, ella, & Ud. is

 

 

e

…ellos, ellas and Uds. is

 

 

            en

 …Ella is

 

…usted (Remember, if you use a title with someone like Doctor Mister, or Mrs. you would Usted instead of “tú” when talking to them)

 


Let’s see how this works with “er” verbs. We’ll use the verb “comer” which means “to eat”

I eat would be – Yo como 

we eat would be - nosotros comemos

(Juana) you eat would be – tú comes
Remember since you’re on a first-name basis with Juana, you add the friendly “s”

you (plural) or ya’ll eat would be = vosotros coméis

(remember, this form is only used in Spain)

 he eats would be – 

él come
ella come
Ud. come

(when talking about group of males) the phrase “they eat” would be -

ellos comen
ellas comen
Uds comen

 

 she eats would be –  

(when talking about a group of females) they eat would be

Dr. Garcia, you eat would be –

And, the phrase “you (plural) or all of you eat”  would be


Now we’ll take a look at how this works for “ir” verbs using the verb “vivir”. Remember, the only difference between the conjugation of “er” and “ir” verbs is the “nosotros” form which is either “emos” for “er” verbs, or “imos” for “ir” verbs. Since many native speakers leave off the pronouns when they speak, we’ll do the same. Remember, pronouns are “Yo, tú, él, ella” and so forth.

I live would be –vivo 

we live would be - vivimos

(Juana) you live would be - vives
Remember since you’re on a first-name basis with Juana, you add the friendly “s”

you (plural) or all of you live would be = vivéis

(again, just a reminder that this is only used in Spain)

 he lives would be –

 

vive

 

(when talking about a mixed group of males and females) they live -

 

viven

 

 she lives would be –

(when talking about a group of females) they live

Mrs. Vasquez, you live would be –

Now, the last one, you (plural) or all of you live =


ER/IR Verb Spanish Practice

Now we’ll practice the “ER/IR” conjugations you’ve learned person by person. First we’ll practice the “I” or “yo” conjugation which ends in an “o”. Like the previous lesson, since native speakers often leave off the Pronoun (in other words the el, ella, Ud, and so forth), we’ll practice it that way. Remember, the pronouns are used if you need to clarify whom you are talking about or if you really want to emphasize the person – for example – you need to go.    Or I did it.

I read

*(yo) leo

I sell

vendo

I learn

aprendo

I attend…

asisto

I live

vivo

I open

abro


Now we’ll work on “tú” which is the “informal” way of saying “you”. Remember, the “tú” adds an “e” then the “friendly s”. 

Juan, you drink. Since there are two ways to say “to drink” we’ll use the on that starts with a ‘b’

bebes

María, you eat

comes

Juan, you

comprendes

María, you buy

recibes

Juan, you dance

subes

María, you listen

escribes


Now let’s move to “he”. Remember that “he, she, and you formal” all end in an “e” for “er” and “ir” verbs.

he believes

cree

he ought to

debe

he sees

ve

he decides

decide

he attends

asiste

he lives

vive


Next we’ll practice with “she”. She is conjugated just like “he” with an “e” on the end.

She runs

corre

She promises

promete

She reads

lee

She opens

abre

She receives

recibe

She goes up

sube


Continuing, we’ll practice “You” formal which is “usted”. Remember you use “usted” if you would use a title when speaking with someone. For example, “Dr. Garcia” or “Mrs. Fernandez”. Let’s try a few.

 (Mrs. Garcia) You  sell

vende

(Dr. Méndez) You learn

aprende

(Mr. Vásquez) You  drink (starts with a ‘b’)

bebe

(Dr. Rodríguez) You write

escribe

(Mrs. Córdova) You  decide

decide

(Mr. Hidalgo) You attend

asiste


Now, we’ll move on to “we”. Remember, the “we” conjugation ends with “emos” for “er” verbs, and “imos” for “ir” verbs.

We eat

comemos

We understand (starts with ‘c’)

comprendemos

We believe

creemos

We live

vivimos

We open

abrimos

We receive

recibimos


Next, we’ll practice “they” if we’re talking about a group of males or mixed males and females. Remember, the “er” and “ir” verb ending for “ellos” is “en”.

They (males and females) ought to

deben

They (males and females) see

ven

They (males and females) run

corren

They (males and females) go up

suben

They (males and females) write

escriben

They (males and females) decide

deciden


Continuing, we’ll practice “they” if we’re talking about a group of females only. Remember, the “ar” verb ending for “ellas” is “en”.

They (females) promise

(ellas) prometen

They (females) read

(ellas) leen

They (females) sell

…venden

They (females) attend

.asisten

They (females) live

viven

They (females) open

abren


Finally, we’ll practice the conjugation for “All of You” or “ustedes”. Remember, that the “er” and “ir” verb ending is also “en”.

All of you learn

(Uds.) aprenden

All of you drink (starts with ‘b’)

beben

All of you eat

comen

All of you receive

reciben

All of you go up

suben

All of you write

escriben

ER IR Summary

Let’s go over the “er / ir” endings one last time to help you remember them.

Yo                               o 

nosotros                                   emos

tú                     es

vosotros (used only in Spain)  éis

Él

e

ellos

        en

Ella

ellas

usted

ustedes (uds.)


Now repeat after me: o, es, e, emos, en   Let’s do it one more time, be sure to repeat aloud: o, es, e emos, en. Notice that we didn’t go over the “vosotros form” used in Spain. Remember, we wanted to show you how “vosotros” works for those of you who go to Spain, but we don’t actively practice it.

Now that you’ve learned the “Present Tense” conjugations for “er/ir” verbs, you can either review what we’ve gone over, or continue on to the next lesson.

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