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O to UE Irregular — Spanish Verb Conjugation

Spanish Verbs Present Tense

Now we’ll take a look at the next set of Spanish irregular verbs whose stems change from “o” to “ue”. Remember that the stems change for everyone except “nosotros” because “nosotros” likes to stay regular”. The same is true with “vosotros” that you can learn if you’re going to Spain.



 

Let’s take a closer look at the verb “poder” which, as you learned in Level I, means “can” or “to be able to”. Remember that the stem changes from “poder” to “puedo”, or in other words, the “o” changes to “ue”.

I can would be –[pued][o] 

we can would be – [pod][emos] (Remember, the stem stays regular like the infinitive form. The “o” doesn’t change to “ue”)

(Paco) you can would be – [pued][es]
Remember since you’re on a first-name basis with Paco, you add the friendly “s”

you (plural/informal) or all of you can = [pod][éis]

(remember, this is only used in Spain)

 He, she, or Mrs. Vasquez, you can would be –

[pued][e]

 

they or all of you can would be

[pued][en]

 


The “o” to “ue” stem changing verbs are the following. Review them over and over again until they start to seem natural to you.

The verb [encontr][ar]    changes to:   encuentro
The verb [devolv][er]     changes to:   devuelvo
The verb [dorm][ir]        changes to:   duermo
The verb [mor][ir]           changes to:   muero
The verb [record][ar]      changes to:   recuerdo
The verb [mostr][ar]       changes to:   muestro
The verb [llov][er]          changes to:   llueve
The verb [pod][er]    changes to:   puedo
The verb [mov][er]         changes to:   muevo
The verb [cost][ar]          changes to:   cuesto
The verb [volv][er]         changes to:   vuelvo
The verb [jug][ar]           changes to:   juego
The verb [cont][ar]         changes to:   cuento
The verb [almorz][ar]     changes to:   almu rzo

Let’s practice these now so you can get an idea of how these stem changing Spanish verbs work. Just a last reminder that all of the stems change from “o” to “ue” except with “nosotros” (and “vosotros” if you’re in Spain)


“O” to “UE” Spanish Practice

Let’s begin the quiz:

I find

Encuentro

She finds

Encuentra

We find

Encontramos

I return (the book)

Devuelvo

He returns (the book)

Devuelve

We return (the book)

Devolvemos

(Juan) You sleep

Duermes

They sleep

Duermen

We sleep

Dormimos

(Juana) You die

Mueres

(All of you) die

Mueren

We die

Morimos

(Mrs. Méndez) You remember

Recuerda

They remember

Recuerdan

We remember

Recordamos

(Mr. Garcia) you show

Muestra

(Juanita) You show

Muestras

We show

Mostramos

It rains

Llueve

They can

Pueden

(José) You can

Puedes

We can

Podemos

They move

Mueven

(All of you)  move

Mueven

We moves

Movemos

It costs

Cuesta

I return (starts with ‘v’)

Vuelvo

He returns (starts with ‘v’)

Vuelve

We return (starts with ‘v’)

Volvemos

She plays

Juega

They play

Juegan

We play

Jugamos

I count

Cuento

He counts

Cuenta

We count

Contamos

They eat lunch

Almuerzan

(María) You eat lunch

Almuerzas

We can eat lunch

Almorzamos


How’d you do? If you’d like, here you can either review the lesson you just learned, or, if you feel comfortable with it, you can go on to the next lesson.

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