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Present Perfect AR — Spanish Verb Conjugation

Hola, and welcome to the Spanish “have verb” section. The correct grammatical name for this verb tense is the “present perfect” tense. I don’t know why the grammar specialists decided to name it “present perfect” because it’s basically about things that happened in the past. Don't forget to use the free Spanish flash cards and Lingo Dingo game!


Spanish Mini Course - Present Perfect Ar Verbs

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Here are a few examples of Spanish "have" verbs: "I have eaten”, “She has read the book”, “He has jumped”, “You have sung”, and so forth.

Let’s learn how to conjugate this tense in Spanish. First, we start off by conjugating a form of the verb “haber” (which indicates the past “have” or “present perfect” tense), then we put an ending on “ar” verbs and a different ending on “er/ir” verbs.

“I have” would be “(Yo) He

We have would be (Nosotros) Hemos

After choosing the correct form of “haber”, you simply ad “a-d-o” on the end of  “ar” verbs and “i-d-o” for “er/ir” verbs.

- ado  (“ar” verbs”)

- ido (“er/ir” verbs)

(Juan or María) (You) have would be “(Tú) Has”

“tú” plural (used in Spain) have (Vosotros) Habéis

He has, she has or Sr. García, you have would
(El, Ella, or Ud.) Ha

They, or all of you have would be (Ellos, Ellas or Uds.) Han

Remember, just like all the other tenses, the pronouns are optional.


Now, repeat the forms of “haber” with me, “he”, “has”, “ha”, “hemos”, “habéis – used only in Spain” and “han”.

Now, let’s practice with a few “ar” verbs to help you get the hang of it.

She has changed

 

Ha cambiado

All of you have worked

 

Han trabajado

Sra. Rodríguez, you have sung.

 

Ha cantado

We have taught

 

Hemos enseñado

Rosa, have you eaten breakfast?

 

(Rosa), has desayunado

They have studied

 

Han estudiado

He has finished

 

Ha terminado

I have danced

 

He bailado


Moving on, I need to show you briefly how direct objects work with “have verbs”. Basically, the “direct object pronoun” or “me, te, lo, la” and so forth always come before. Let’s look at a few examples:

I have cooked it would be

Lo he cocinado

“She has not bought it” would be

No lo ha comprado

He has helped me would be

Me ha ayudado

Juan, you have waited for us would be

Nos has esperado

And – “we have not waited for her” would be

No la hemos esperado


Before we continue to our practice session, we need to go over a few new words:

the clothes

la ropa

the drawing

el dibujo

the party

la fiesta

twice

dos veces

the medicine

la medicina

the flower

la flor

the people

la gente

the letter

la carta

the money

el dinero


In the following practice session, you will practice “ar” have verbs. Remember, first you conjugate a form of the verb “haber”, then add on the verb and change the “ar” ending to “ado”.


"Have" Spanish Practice Session 1

Remember that in Spanish you can add on pronouns if you want (in other words: el, ella, Ud. and so forth) but we’ll practice without the pronouns since native speakers usually leave them off. Remember, that they are mainly used if you really want to emphasize someone or if you need to clarify whom you’re talking about. For example, the phrase “She has spoken” would be “ha hablado”. However, if you simply said “ha hablado” and you weren’t referring to someone specific, nodody would know who you’te talking about. In this case you would need to clarify by saying “Ella ha hablado”. That being said, native speakers still mostly leave off the pronouns so we’ll do the same as we practice. Let’s go ahead and start. Are you ready?

I have taken the medicine

He tomado la medicina

He has eaten dinner twice

Ha cenado dos veces

She has worn the clothes

Ha llevado la ropa

We have planned the party

Hemos planeado la fiesta

(Juan) You have drawn it (el dibujo)

Lo has dibujado

They have kept the flower

Han guardado la flor

(Sr. Duarte) has never traveled

Nunca ha viajado

All of you have watched the people

Han mirado a la gente

He has not returned

No ha regresado

She has not sent it (la carta)

No la ha mandado

(Rosa) You have sung a lot

Has cantado mucho

We have spent a lot of money

Hemos gastado mucho dinero

They have never studied

Nunca han estudiado

(Sra. Fernández) has not invited me

No me ha invitado


You have completed this lesson. Seguro que ha aprendido mucho. (I’m sure you’ve learned a lot!)

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