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Present Perfect Irregular — Spanish Verb Conjugation

Now, we’ll take a look at the Spanish irregular have verbs. Like with other irregulars, the best way to learn the “have irregulars” is to go over them enough until you get an ear for them and get them into your memory.


Spanish Mini Course - Present Perfect Irregular Verbs

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Review

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Quiz

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You may want to repeat the next few lessons until you feel comfortable with these Spanish irregular verbs. Are you ready?

The verb ver (to see) changes to:

visto

abrir (to open) changes to:

abierto

escribir (to write) changes to:

escrito

morir (to die) changes to:

muerto

volver (to return) changes to:

vuelto

romper (to break) changes to:

roto

poner (to put/place) changes to:

puesto


The next set of irregulars both have a “ch”.

The first one hacer (to do/ make) changes to:

hecho

decir (to say/ tell) changes to:

dicho


The next set of verbs are almost regular, and even sound regular. They just add an accent to the letter “i”.

The verb creer (to believe)

creído

traer (to bring)

traído

leer (to read)

leído

caer (to fall)

caído


Our Final set of three irregular have verbs are completely new to Level II. We haven’t covered them anywhere yet. But for the irregular have verbs to be complete, we need to learn them. They are:
to cover           cubrir              
to resolve         resolver           
to discover      descubrir        

With those new verb infinitives in mind, let’s look at their irregular have forms.

The verb to cover in Spanish is

cubrir, and the have form is

cubierto

to resolve in Spanish is

resolver, and the have form is

resuelto

to discover is Spanish is

descubrir, and the have form is

descubierto


As you continue on to the next practice session, you will get to practice the irregular have verbs you learned in this lesson.


Spanish Practice Session

Now we’ll practice the irregular have verbs. Remember, as we practice them - one of the keys is to hear them enough that you tune your ear to be able to recognize them. Just a reminder that you always put the direct object (lo, las, and so forth) in front of have verbs. Are you ready? Here we go.

I have seen it.

Lo he visto

(Marta) You have opened it (la ventana)

La has abierto

He has written it (la carta)

La ha escrito

She had died

Ha muerto

(Sra. Valdez) You haven’t returned

No ha vuelto

We have broken them (los vasos)

Los hemos roto

They have put it there.

Lo han puesto allí

All of you have never done it

Nunca lo han hecho

I have never said it

Nunca lo he dicho

(Martín) You have always believed it

Siempre lo has creído

He has never brought it

Nunca lo ha traído

She had read them (los libros)

Los ha leído

(Sr. Mendes) You have fallen down (reflexive)

Se ha caído

We have covered them (las personas)

Las hemos cubierto

They have resolved it (el problema)

Lo han resuelto

All of you have never discovered anything

Nunca han descubierto nada

I have never seen her

Nunca la he visto

(María) You have never opened it (el paquete)

Nunca lo has abierto

He has always written letters

Siempre ha escrito cartas

She has never died

Nunca ha muerto

(Sra. Cárdenas) You have always returned

Siempre ha vuelto

We have broken it (el lápiz)

Lo hemos roto

They have put it here

Lo han puesto aquí

All of you have done a lot

Han hecho mucho

I haven’t ever told anyone

Nunca he dicho a nadie

(Martín) You have covered it (la comida)

La has cubierto

He has resolved the problem

Ha resuelto el problema

She has discovered it (el dinero)

Lo ha descubierto


If you feel pretty comfortable with these verbs, you can go on to the next section. Otherwise, continue to review this section until these words begin to sound more natural to you.

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