LearnALanguage.com
divider
Choose a Language | Learn Spanish | Spanish Verbs | Subjunctive Triggers Login | About Us | Contact Us
rectangle top

Subjunctive Triggers — Spanish Verb Conjugation

Welcome to the Subjunctive Triggers lesson. Here you’ll learn phrases trigger the subjunctive tense in Spanish. Become familiar with them and you’ll be well on your way to becoming fluent in the subjunctive tense. Memorize them and you can master the majority of the subjunctive tense. As mentioned in the previous lesson, most of the subjunctive triggers show hope, doubt or desire. Usually also there’s a change of subject and the phrase that comes directly after a subjunctive trigger is conjugated in the subjunctive tense. Let’s take a look at them now.

Phrases That Trigger the Subjunctive

to doubt

Dudar que…

to prefer

Preferir que…

unless

 A menos que…

It’s important

Es importante que…

to need

Necesitar que…

to desire

Desear que…

so that

Para que…

It’s difficult

Es difícil que…

to hope

Esperar que…

to insist on

Insistir en que…

I or we hope

Ojalá (que)…

It’s necessary

Es necesario que…

to ask

Pedir que…

 to like

 Gustar que…

Without

Sin que…

It’s possible

Es posible que…

to think

No pensar que…

to tell

Decir que…

Before

Antes que…

Maybe

Tal vez…

to want

Querer que…

not to believe

No creer que…

Provided that

Con tal de que…

 

 


Phrases That Do Not Trigger the Subjunctive

Pienso que

Creo que

Sé que


These phrases don’t show doubt. They state confidence in the speaker’s thoughts or ideas. So, the subjunctive isn’t used after these phrases. Sometimes if you want to show doubt, you can throw in the subjunctive tense that will indicate doubt in certain situations. For example, where “Creo que” shows confidence, “No creo que” shows a lack of confidence or doubt. An example would be “No creo que él pueda ir”, or in English “I don’t think (believe) he can go.” Also, the affirmative phrase “Pienso que” shows confidence, but the phrase “No pienso que” shows doubt and would trigger the subjunctive.

Now we’ll practice all of the triggers using the “ella” form of the verb “comer” conjugated in the subjunctive tense afterward. To give you a brief preview of our next lesson, to conjugate “comer” in the subjunctive tense for “ella”, since the verb is an “er” verb, you put on an “a” or in other words the “opposite ending”. We’ll learn more about that in the next lesson. Are you ready?

I doubt she will eat

Dudo que coma

We need her to eat

Necesitamos que coma

He hopes she will eat

Espera que coma

Juan, did you ask her to eat

Juan, ¿Pediste que coma?

They don’t think she will eat

No piensan que coma

All of you want her to eat

Quieren que coma

Maria prefers that she eats

Maria prefiere que coma

I desire that she eats

Deseo que coma

We insist that she eats

Insistimos en que coma

He likes her to eat

Le gustar que coma

Pablo tells her to eat

Pablo le dice que coma

They don’t think (believe) she will eat

No creen que coma

Unless she eats

A menos que coma

So that she eats

Para que coma

We hope/I hope that she will eat

Ojalá (que) coma

Without her eating

Sin que coma

Before she eats

Antes que coma

Provided that she eats

Con tal de que coma

It’s important that she eats

Es importante que coma

It’s difficult for her to eat

Es difícil que coma

It’s necessary for her to eat

Es necesario que coma

It’s possible for her to eat

Es posible que coma

Maybe she will eat

Tal vez coma


Now, just a quick reminder, if you want to say “It’s important to eat”, you simply say “Es importante comer”. However, if you want change the subject, you have to say “It’s important that she eats” and remember, like you learned in the last lesson, there’s a change of subject from “it” to “she”.

  Not Subjunctive                                            Subjunctive

It’s important to eat                            It’s important that she eats

(No change of subject)                        (change of subject)


Spanish Review

I doubt she will eat

Dudo que coma

We need her to eat

Necesitamos que coma

He hopes she will eat

Espera que coma

Juan, did you ask her to eat

Juan, ¿Pediste que coma?

They don’t think she will eat

No piensan que coma

All of you want her to eat

Quieren que coma

Maria prefers that she eats

Maria prefiere que coma

I desire that she eats

Deseo que coma

We insist that she eats

Insistimos en que coma

He likes her to eat

Le gustar que coma

Pablo tells her to eat

Pablo le dice que coma

They don’t think (believe) she will eat

No creen que coma

Unless she eats

A menos que coma

So that she eats

Para que coma

We hope/I hope that she will eat

Ojalá (que) coma

Without her eating

Sin que coma

Before she eats

Antes que coma

Provided that she eats

Con tal de que coma

It’s important that she eats

Es importante que coma

It’s difficult for her to eat

Es difícil que coma

It’s necessary for her to eat

Es necesario que coma

It’s possible for her to eat

Es posible que coma

Maybe she will eat

Tal vez coma

rectangle bottom
page bottom
About Us | Contact Us | Sitemap
© 2014 U.S. Institute of Languages. All rights reserved
Facebook Twitter