Dutch is the official language of the Netherlands, also spoken in former Dutch colonies (Aruba, Sint Maarten, Suriname, Curaçao and more). Learning this European language is easy, so why not make an effort to understand the locals during your next trip to Amsterdam? We have picked the most useful words, verbs and phrases to help you start learning Dutch – for absolutely free.
Learn most common Dutch words we have picked out for you, and you will understand some phrases and sentences you read in Dutch or hear from native speakers.
|The day after tomorrow||overmorgen||O-vuhr-more-ghun|
|Last week||vorige week||VOH-ruh-ghuh WAKE|
|This week||deze week||DAY-zuh WAKE|
|Next week||volgende week||VOL-ghun-duh WAKE|
|Red/white wine||rode/witte wijn||ROH-duh/WIH-tuh waiyn|
These Dutch phrases help you start a basic conversation, ask and answer simple questions, and get round the city.
|How are you?||Hoe maakt u het?||hoo MAHKT uu hut?|
|Fine, thank you||Goed, dank u||GOOT dahnk uu|
|What is your name?||Hoe heet u?||hoo HAYT uu?|
|My name is ______||Mijn naam is ______||meyn NAHM is _____|
|Nice to meet you||Aangenaam kennis te maken||AHN-guh-nahm KEH-nis tuh MAH-kun|
|Thank you||Dank u||DAHNK uu|
|You're welcome||Graag gedaan||GRAHG guh-DAHN|
|Excuse me||Neemt u mij niet kwalijk||naymt uu mey neet KWAH-luk|
|Goodbye||Tot ziens||TOT seens|
|I can't speak Dutch||Ik spreek geen Nederlands||ick SPRAYK gayn NAY-dur-lahnts|
|I can't speak Dutch well||Ik spreek niet goed Nederlands||ick SPRAYK neet goot NAY-dur-lahnts|
|Do you speak English?||Spreekt u Engels?||SPRAYKT uu ENG-uls?|
|Is there someone here who speaks English?||Spreekt hier iemand Engels?||SPRAYKT heer EE-mahnt ENG-uls?|
|Good night||Goede nacht||Goo-duh-NAHGt|
|Good night (to sleep)||Slaap lekker||SLAHP LECK-uhr|
|I don't understand||Ik begrijp het niet||ick buh-GRAYP hut neet|
|Where is the toilet?||Waar is het toilet?||wahr is hut twah-LET?|
|I need your help||Ik heb uw hulp nodig||ick HEP uu HULP noh-duhg|
|It's an emergency||Het is een noodgeval||hut IS uhn NOWT-guh-vahl|
|I'm lost||Ik ben verdwaald||ck BEN vuhr-DWAHLT|
|I need a doctor||Ik heb een dokter nodig||ick hep uhn DOCK-tuhr no-duhg|
|Can I use your phone?||Mag ik uw telefoon gebruiken?||MAHG ick uu tay-lay-PHOHN ghuh-BROWK-kuhn|
We have picked some common Dutch verbs to help you build your first sentences in Dutch. Tell your friends what you do, like and want in Dutch!
|To ask||vragen||To buy||kopen|
|To close||sluiten||To come||komen|
|To cook||koken||To do||doen|
|To drink||drinken||To eat||eten|
|To give||geven||To go||gaan|
|To know||weten||To learn||leren|
|To listen||luisteren||To meet||voldoen|
|To open||openen||To read||lezen|
|To run||lopen||To say||zeggen|
|To see||zien||To sell||verkopen|
|To sit||zitten||To smile||lachen|
|To stand up||staan||To study||studeren|
|To swim||zwemmen||To take||nemen|
|To talk||praten||To teach||geven|
|To understand||begrijpen||To use||gebruiken|
Dutch is the official language of the Netherlands, and is also spoken in former Dutch colonies, including Aruba, Sint Maarten, Suriname Curaçao, Flanders, Sint Maarten and Suriname. The language is also understood and spoken by many people in Belgium. In some regions of Germany, Dutch dialects are spoken.
The Netherlands are nested on the seashore, and historically this was the land of ports, merchants and immigrants. All of these factors are reflected in the Dutch culture with its diversities and regional differences. In Dutch culture, diversity and tolerance are regarded as top values, so everyone feels comfortable in this country.
Over the centuries, Dutch culture has been known for advances in art, architecture, music, technology and literature. Dutch art is best known for the Dutch Golden Age painting that united a number of schools and artists, including Rembrandt, Vermeer, Frans Halsm, Joachim von Sandrart, Jan Steen, and many more. Later, the Netherlands became one of the centers for impressionism, with Vincent van Gogh being the most famous Dutch impressionist.
Many aspects of the Dutch culture, such as holidays, cuisine, traditions and preferred pastime vary significantly depending on the region – except, perhaps main Christian holidays like Christmas and Easter, widely celebrated everywhere. When it comes to smaller occasions, the Netherlands boast a diverse culture, with a variety of local festivals, carnivals and traditions that differ from province to province. The best way to experience this country is to travel, which is especially exciting if you speak a bit of Dutch.