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Bienvenido, in this lesson, you’ll learn the endings for “er ir” Back verbs. These endings are very different from the AR Back verb endings that was based on “a-b-a” or “aba”. The Back verb endings for ER IR verbs is based on “í-a” or “ía”.

Imprefect ER IR Verbs — Spanish Verb Conjugation


Spanish Mini Course - Imperfect Er Ir Verbs

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Let’s take a look at some of these Spanish Verbs:

Yo                               ía 

nosotros                                   íamos

tú                                 ías

vosotros
(Tú Plural)
(used only in Spain)    íais

Él

ía

Notice that just like with “ar” ending “Back” verbs, “er/ir” back verbs also have the same endings for “Yo” and for “Él/Ella and Ud.”

ellos

 

 

       ían

Ella

ellas

usted

ustedes (uds.)


Let’s review those again.

ía         ías        ía         íamos               íais                   ían

Now let’s put the endings on the verb “comer”. Remember, “comer” means “to eat”.

I was eating

(Yo) comía

We were eating

(Nosotros) comíamos

Juan or María, You were eating

(Tú) comías

Now the Vosotros form which is
(tú plural – used only in Spain)

(Vosotros) comíais

He was eating
She was speaking
and
You were speaking

(Él) comía
(Ella) comía

(Ud.) comía

They (m.) were eating
They (f.) were eating
All of were eating

(Ellos) comían
(Ellas) comían

(Uds.) comían


Now take a look at the “Back” endings one more time and repeat them with Maria.

ía         ías        ía         íamos               íais                   ían

Now let’s try a few of these using the chart on the screen and the verb “escribir”.

I was writing / (yo escrib(ir)

Escribía

You used to write / (tú escrib(ir)

Escribías

He wrote sometimes/ (él escrib(ir)

Escribía

She was writing / (ella escrib(ir)

Escribía

You used to write / (Ud. escrib(ir)

Escribía

We wrote (all the time) / (Nosotros escrib(ir)

Escribíamos

They (m.) were writing / (ellos escrib(ir)

Escribían

They (f.) used to write / (ellas escrib(ir)

Escribían

All of you were writing / (Uds. escrib(ir)

Escribían


Remember, that the Uds form of “Escribían” means:

“You (plural) were writing.”
“You (plural) used to write”
“You (plural) wrote sometimes"
“on Thursdays”
Or “frequently”

Remember, the “Back” or “Imperfect” tense represent an indefinite period of time without a specific starting or ending point.

Now, since repetition is so important, let’s repeat the endings again.

ía         ías        ía         íamos               íais                   ían

Now we’ll practice with a few different verbs. Are you ready?

I used to sell…

(Yo) vendía

You were living in… – (using “tú”)

(Tú) vivías en…

He always promised

(Él) siempre prometía

She used to run

(Ella) corría

You were deciding…

(Ud.) decidía

We used open it…

(Nosotros) lo abríamos

They learned something every week

(Ellos) aprendían algo cada semana

All of you were eating

(Uds.) comían


Spanish Review

I was believing

creía

(Marta) You used to prefer

prefería

He was eating

comía

She was learning

aprendía

(Sra. Benites) You used owe

debía

We always promised him

lo prometíamos

They were reading

leían

All of you used to run

corrían

I saw her (all the time)

la veía

(Martín) You were selling

vendía

He used to surprise me

me sorprendía

She asked for it (every day)

lo pedía

(Sr. Mendes) You were attending

asistía

We used to decide

decidíamos

They went up (twice a week)

subían

All of you were living (in Spain)

vivían

I used to open it

lo abría

(Marta) You received them (often)

los recibías

He was writing

escribía

She used to follow him

lo seguía

(Sra. Benites) You were destroying it!

lo destruía

We used to want it

lo queríamos

They lost (frequently)

perdían

All of you were sleeping

dormían

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