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Past Subjunctive AR — Spanish Verb Conjugation

Now we'll take a look at past subjunctive AR Spanish verb conjugation. Remember to practice with our free Spanish flashcards and language review games!


Spanish Mini Course - Past Subjunctive Ar Verbs

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To form the past subjunctive for AR verbs, you take the root of the verb and add the following endings:

-ara

-áramos

-aras

-arais

-ara

-aran


Using the chart, let’s see if you can guess how these would work. Are you ready?

I wanted them to cook

Yo quería que cocinaran

Maybe they helped

Tal vez ayudaran

If she sent the documents…

Si mandara los documentos

She wanted me to plan it.

Ella quería que yo lo planeara

They insisted that I drive.

Ellos insistieron en que yo manejara

Before he ate breakfast

Antes que desayunara (él)

I didn’t believe that he walked

Yo no creía que (él) caminara


Go ahead and repeat the endings one more time:

-ara

-áramos

-aras

-arais

-ara

-aran


Now, one thing you need to know is that the past subjunctive also has an alternate set of endings and here they are:

-ase

-ásemos

-ases

-aseis

-ase

-asen


Honestly, these endings are rarely used and if you don’t become fluent in them, you’ll still be able to communicate perfectly. In fact, many Americans don’t ever become really fluent at past subjunctive period. So, by going through these lessons and practicing, you’ll be a step ahead of the rest. If you’re a real overachiever, you may want to look at the alternate endings.

Here’s an example of a verbs conjugated with the alternate endings.

hablase

hablásemos

hablases

hablaseis

hablase

hablasen


Now, before we finish this lesson, there’s one more item we need to hit. When you use “if” to trigger the Past Subjunctive, you generally use a “would” or “conditional” phrase to compliment it.

Let’s look at a few examples:

If I won a million dollars, I would by a nice car.
As I give you the Spanish equivalent, notice how I used the “if” and “past subjunctive” as well as the “would” clause.
Si ganara un millón de dólares, compraría un buen carro.

Let’s look at a couple more.

If I were retired, I would travel around the world.
Si fuera jubilado, viajaría por todo el mundo.

And finally:

If I were president, I would lower taxes.
Si fuera presidente, bajaría los impuestos.

Feel free to repeat this lesson as many times as you’d like, then move on to the other lessons to practice more.



Spanish Review

I doubted that he worked

dudé que trabajara

we wanted him to win

queríamos que ganara

they liked her to visit

les gustaba que visitara

we needed them to wait

necesitabamos que esperaran

you (Sra. Salinas) preferred them to sing

prefería que cantaran

you all told us to walk

nos dijeron que caminaramos

it was important that I study

fue importante que estudiara

it was hard for him to teach

fue dificil que enseñara

you (Lorena) were hoping that she would help

esperabas que ayudara

I wished him to explain

deseaba que explicara

she didn't believe that we would finish

no creía que terminaramos

it was necessary for them to use

era necesario que usaran

we asked you (Andres) to fix

pedimos que arreglaras

you (Sr. Valdés) insisted that we eat breakfast

insistió en que desayunaramos

it's possible that he paid

es posible que pagara

you (Dario) don't think that she practiced

no crees que practicara

...so that I needed

...para que necesitara

before we entered

antes que entraramos

perhaps they cleaned

tal vez limpiaran

unless you (Paola) delivered

a menos que entregaras

hopefully you all listened

ojalá que escucharan

as long as you (Sra. Escobar) ate dinner

con tal de que cenara

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