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Preterite Irregular Verbs — Spanish Verb Conjugation

Now we’ll learn some irregular “er/ir” Spanish verbs that have stem changes. Remember that the stem is the core part of the verb. The endings are still the same with these irregulars. Do you remember the “er/ir” spine endings?


Spanish Mini Course - Preterite Irregular Verbs

1

Learn

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2

Review

memory-machine

2

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3

Quiz

Burrito Builder

3

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Let’s review them briefly here:

í

imos

iste

isteis

ieron


Let’s take a look and see how the stems change on these verbs. The first verb is “pedir”:

(Yo)

pedí

(Nosotros)

pedimos

(Tú)

pediste

(Vosotros)

pedisteis

(El, Ella, Ud.)

pidió

(Ellos, Ellas, Uds)

pidieron


Notice that only the bottom two are irregular and have stem changes. The “e” changes to “i". Now we’ll go over the rest of the irregular verbs of this type:
Seguir (to continue or to follow)

(Yo)

seguí

(Nosotros)

seguimos

(Tú)

seguiste

(Vosotros-Spain)

seguisteis

(El, Ella, Ud.)

sigió

(Ellos, Ellas, Uds)

siguieron


Again, notice that the bottom row is irregular. As we go through the next few verbs, continue to take note of how the bottom row of each verb conjugation is irregular. Try to memorize how they’re different. Also, especially notice how they’re pronounced so you can start tuning your ear and memory to how they sound.


Now, we’ll look at the verb conseguir (to attain or to get)

(Yo)

conseguí

(Nosotros)

conseguimos

(Tú)

conseguiste

(Vosotros-Spain)

conseguisteis

(El, Ella, Ud.)

consigió

(Ellos, Ellas, Uds)

consiguieron


Next is the verb repetir (to repeat)

(Yo)

repetí

(Nosotros)

repetimos

(Tú)

repetiste

(Vosotros-Spain)

repetiseis

(El, Ella, Ud.)

repitió

(Ellos, Ellas, Uds)

repitieron


Now the verb servir (to serve)

(Yo)

serví

(Nosotros)

servimos

(Tú)

serviste

(Vosotros-Spain)

servisteis

(El, Ella, Ud.)

sirvió

(Ellos, Ellas, Uds)

sirvieron


Continuing is the verb preferir (to prefer)

(Yo)

preferí

(Nosotros)

preferimos

(Tú)

preferiste

(Vosotros -Spain)

preferisteis

(El, Ella, Ud.)

prefirió

(Ellos, Ellas, Uds)

prefirieron


Next is the verb requerir (to require)

(Yo)

requerí

(Nosotros)

requerimos

(Tú)

requeriste

(Vosotros - Spain)

requeristeis

(El, Ella, Ud.)

requirió

(Ellos, Ellas, Uds)

requirieron


Now the verb sentir (to be sorry or to feel)

(Yo)

sentí

(Nosotros)

sentimos

(Tú)

sentiste

(Vosotros-Spain)

sentisteis

(El, Ella, Ud.)

sintió

(Ellos, Ellas, Uds)

sintieron


The next three verbs add a “y” to the irregular bottom line.
The first one is destruir. (to destroy)

(Yo)

destruí

(Nosotros)

destruimos

(Tú)

destruiste

(Vosotros-Spain)

destruiste

(El, Ella, Ud.)

destruyó

(Ellos, Ellas, Uds)

destruyeron


The next one to add a “y” is incluir (to include)

(Yo)

incuí

(Nosotros)

incluimos

(Tú)

incluiste

(Vosotros-Spain)

incluisteis

(El, Ella, Ud.)

incluyó

(Ellos, Ellas, Uds)

incluyeron


The final one that adds a “y” is oír (to hear)

(Yo)

(Nosotros)

oímos

(Tú)

oíste

(Vosotros-Spain)

oísteis

(El, Ella, Ud.)

oyó

(Ellos, Ellas, Uds)

oyeron


This final set changes from “o” to “u” on the bottom row.

First is the verb “morir” (to die)

(Yo)

morí

(Nosotros)

morimos

(Tú)

moriste

(Vosotros - Spain)

moristeis

(El, Ella, Ud.)

murió

(Ellos, Ellas, Uds)

murieron


And finally, the verb dormir (to sleep)

(Yo)

dormí

(Nosotros)

dormimos

(Tú)

dormiste

(Vosotros-Spain)

dormisteis

(El, Ella, Ud.)

durmió

(Ellos, Ellas, Uds)

durmieron


Now that you’ve had a chance to see all of these irregular verbs and how they work, we’ll learn a few new words, then go to our practice session. However, as I mentioned before, I do recommend reviewing this lesson more than once to help tune your ear to how these verbs sound.

Are you ready for the new words:
A book                       un libro
young                          joven
el bistec                      the steak


Spine Spanish Practice Session #3/4

Here we’ll practice the irregular verbs you learned in the previous lesson. Remember, these verbs are stem changers. Here we go.

I asked for three.

Pedí tres.

(Juana) You followed him.

Lo seguiste.

He got a book.

Consigió un libro.

She repeated it.

Lo repitió.

(Sra. Mendoza) You served them (ellos).

Los sirvió.

We didn’t destroy it.

No lo destruimos.

They didn’t include him.

No lo incluyeron.

All of you heard her.

La oyeron.

I felt sad.

Sentí triste.

(Pepe) You preferred it. Didn’t you?

Lo preferiste ¿No?

He required a lot.

Requirió mucho.

She died very young.

Murió muy joven.

(Sr. Mendes) You slept. Didn’t you?

Durmió ¿No?

(Marta) You got it (la hamburguesa).

La conseguiste.

He asked for it (el lápiz).

Lo pidió.

She followed me.

Me sigió.

We repeated it.

Lo repetimos.

I served them (ellas).

Las serví.

All of you destroyed it. Didn’t you?

Lo destruyeron. ¿No?

I included her in the game.

La incluí en el juego.

(Rodrigo) You didn’t hear it. Did you?

No lo oíste. ¿No?

He felt happy.

Sintió feliz.

She preferred the steak.

Prefirió el bistec.

We required it.

Lo requerimos.

I didn’t die.

No morí.

(Juana) Did you sleep well?

¿Dormiste bien?


How did you do on these verbs? Are you starting to feel comfortable with them yet? If not, I recommend studying them once or twice before continuing. Otherwise, if you feel good about them, go on to the next lesson.

Irregular Spine (Spelling)

Now we’ll take a look at a few irregular spine verbs that have some spelling changes. These verbs sound the same when you say them but have a few spelling changes that are important to be aware of. The first few just change only in the “yo” form. These first four of this group have a “g” in them and need to have a spelling change so they will sound correct. For example, the word “to pay” is “pagar”. The “yo” form of this verb is “pagué”. If I put the “yo” ending, or an accented “é”, on the end, instead of being “pagué” it would be “pagé”. To make it sound correct, we need to add a “u” after the “g” to make it a hard “g”. Let’s take a look at the irregular “yo” forms of these verbs.


The “yo” form of pagar (to pay) is:                 pagué
The “yo” form of llegar (to arrive) is:             llegué
The “yo” form of entregar (to deliver) is:       entregué
The “yo” form of jugar (to play) is:                jugué


The next four verbs are similar to the last four, except in the “yo” form the “c” canges to “qu”. Let’s see how they work.

The “yo” form of buscar (to look for) is:                                busqué
The “yo” form of practicar (to practice) is:                             practiqué
The “yo” form of tocar (to touch or play instruments) is:       toqué
The “yo” form of sacar (to take out) is:                                  saqué


With the next three verbs, the “z” changes to a “c” in the “yo” form. Like the previous verbs, all the other forms except for the “yo” form are regular.

The “yo” form of empezar (to start) is:           empecé
The “yo” form of comenzar (to start) is:         comencé
The “yo” form of almorzar (to eat lunch) is:   almorcé

Now, we’ll look at the last few verbs in the “spelling changes” category. They have a lot of added accents and both have “y’s” on the bottom row. The first verb is “creer” or “to believe”. Watch for the accents and the “y’s” as we go through these.

(Yo)

creí

(Nosotros)

creímos

(Tú)

creíste

(Vosotros - Spain)

creísteis

(El, Ella, Ud.)

creyó

(Ellos, Ellas, Uds)

creyeron


The last verb in this “irregular” section is “leer” or “to read”. Again, watch for the irregular accents and the “y’s”.

(Yo)

leí

(Nosotros)

leímos

(Tú)

leíste

(Vosotros - Spain)

leísteis

(El, Ella, Ud.)

leyó

(Ellos, Ellas, Uds)

leyeron


Before we practice, you need to learn a couple of new words.

early                            temprano
late                              tarde
garbage                        basura
the class                       la clase

In the following practice session, we’ll go over these verbs that have spelling changes. Be sure and take note of the spelling changes so you can be prepared for the game.


Spine Spanish Practice Session

As you go over the set of Spanish verbs in this practice session, remember, they all have spelling changes. Try to guess how each one is spelled. Buena suerte (Good luck!).

I arrived early

Llegué

(Marta) You arrived early

llegaste temprano

I delivered it late (el dinero)

lo entregué tarde

He delivered it late (el dinero)

lo entregó tarde

I looked for them (las llaves)

las busqué

She looked for them (las llaves)

las buscó

I paid for it (el carro)

lo pagué

(Sra. Benites) You paid for it (el carro)

lo pagó

I practiced a lot

lo practiqué

We practiced a lot

lo practicamos

I played it (la guitarra)

la toque

They played it (la guitarra)

la tocaron

I took it out (la basura)

la saqué

All of you took it out (el suéter)

lo sacaron

I started the class (starts with ‘e’)

empecé la clase

(Martín) You started the class (starts with ‘e’)

empezaste la clase

I ate lunch early

almorcé temprano

He ate lunch early

almoró temprano

I started late (starts with ‘c’)

comencé tarde

She started late (starts with ‘c’)

comenzó tarde

I played with him

jugué con él

(Sr. Mendes) You played with him

jugaste con él

I didn’t believe him

No lo creí

They didn’t believe him

No lo creyeron

(Marta) You didn’t believe him

No lo creíste

I read it yesterday (la revista)

La leí ayer

She read it yesterday (la revista)

La leyó ayer

We read it yesterday (la revista)

La leímos ayer

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