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Spanish Present Tense AR Verb Conjugation

In this section you will learn present tense Spanish "ar" verb conjugation. When trying to learn a language, it is very important to conjugate verbs properly in order to be come fluent in that foreign language. Don't forget to use our free Spanish Learning Lounge!

Spanish Mini Course - Present Ar Verbs



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We’ll start with “ar”-ending verbs and use the verb “tomar” as an example. To conjugate “tomar”, you change the “ar” ending for the person you’re talking about.

I take would be – Yo tomo  

we take would be - nosotros tomamos

(María) you take would be - Tú tomas
Remember when you’re on a first-name basis with someone, you use “tú” instead of “usted”. Also, when you use “tú”, you always add what I like to call, the “friendly s”.  Once more “tú tomas”

you (plural) or all of you take = vosotros tomáis

(remember, this is only used in Spain)

 he takes would be –

Él toma
Ella toma
usted toma


(talking about a mixed group of males and females) they take -

ellos toman
ellas toman
Uds toman


she takes would be –

(talking about a group of females) they take –

Dr. Garcia, you take would be –

you (plural) or all of you take =

When you conjugate in the present tense and say “Yo tomo” in Spanish, it means “I take, I do take, or I am taking”. However, to simplify it for you, we’ll just say “I take”.

Now, if you look at the conjugation chart, you’ll notice that there’s a pattern. These are the verb endings for ar verbs.

Let’s take a look and see how this works for the verb “estudiar” which means “to study”.

I study would be – Yo estudio 

we study would be - nosotros estudiamos

(Juan) you study would be - Tú estudias
Remember when you’re on a first-name basis with Juan, you add the friendly “s”

you (plural) or all of you study = vosotros estudiáis

(remember, this is only used in Spain)

 he studies would be

Él estudia
Ella estudia
Ud. estudia

(talking about group of males) they study -

ellos estudian
ellas estudian
Uds. estudian


 she studies would be

(talking about a group of females) they study

Dr. Garcia, you study would be

you (plural) or all of you study =

AR Spanish Practice

Now we’ll practice the conjugations you’ve learned person by person. If you are already familiar with this you may move on to the next topic. I suggest you read the verb conjugations aloud.

I answer

Yo contesto

I arrive   

Yo llego

I ask        

You pregunto

I buy                

Yo compro

I dance             

Yo bailo

I listen              

Yo escucho

I invite             

Yo invito

I watch            

Yo miro

I need              

Yo necesito

I practice          

Yo practico

Now we’ll work on “tú” which is the “informal” way of saying “you”. Just remember, if you are on a first-name basis with someone like José or María, you would call them “tú” and add the “friendly s” at the end of the verb. Let’s try a few.

Juan, you answer

Tú contestas

María, you arrive

Tú llegas

Juan, you ask

Tú preguntas

María, you buy

Tú compras

Juan, you dance

Tú bailas

María, you listen

Tú escuchas

Juan, you invite

Tú invitas

María, you watch

Tú miras

Juan, you need

Tú necesitas

María, you practice

Tú practicas

Now let’s move to “he”. Remember that “he, she, and you formal” all end in an “a” for “ar” verbs. Are you ready to practice a few?

he rests

Él descansa

he sings

Él canta

he talks

Él habla

he studies

Él estudia

he cooks

Él cocina

he takes

Él toma

he visits

Él  visita

he walks

Él camina

he works

Él trabaja

he travels

Él viaja

Next we’ll practice with “she”. She is conjugated just like “he” with an “a” on the end.

She answers

Ella contesta

She arrives

Ella llega

She asks

Ella pregunta

She buys

Ella compra

She dances

Ella baila

She listens

Ella escucha

She invites

Ella invita

She watchs

Ella mira

She needs

Ella necesita

She practices

Ella practica

Continuing, we’ll practice “You” formal which is “usted”. Remember that you use “usted” if you would use a title when speaking with someone. For example, “Dr. Garcia” or “Mrs. Fernandez”.  Also, the word “usted” in Spanish is often abbreviated to “Ud.”. Let’s try a few.

 (Mrs. Garcia) You  rest

Usted descansa

(Dr. Méndez) You sing

Usted canta

(Mrs. Garcia) You  talk

Usted habla

(Dr. Méndez) You study

Usted estudia

(Mrs. Garcia) You  cook

Usted cocina

(Dr. Méndez) You take

Usted toma

(Mrs. Garcia) You  visit

Usted  visita

(Dr. Méndez) You walk

Usted camina

(Mrs. Garcia) You  work

Usted trabaja

(Dr. Méndez) You travel

Usted viaja

Now, we’ll move on to “we” Remember, in Spanish the “we” conjugation ends with “amos” for “ar” verbs.

We answer

Nosotros contestamos

We arrive

Nosotros llegamos

We ask

Nosotros preguntamos

We buy

Nosotros compramos

We dance

Nosotros bailamos

We listen

Nosotros escuchamos

We invite

Nosotros invitamos

We watch

Nosotros miramos

We need

Nosotros necesitamos

We practice

Nosotros practicamos

Next, we’ll practice “they” if we’re talking about a group of males or mixed males and females. Remember, the “ar” verb ending for “ellos” is “an”.

They (males and females) rest

Ellos descansan

They (males and females) sing

Ellos cantan

They (males and females) talk

Ellos hablan

They (males and females) study

Ellos estudian

They (males and females) cook

Ellos cocinan

They (males and females) take

Ellos toman

They (males and females) visit

Ellos  visitan

They (males and females) walk

Ellos caminan

They (males and females) work

Ellos trabajan

They (males and females) travel

Ellos viajan

Continuing, we’ll practice “they” if we’re talking about a group of females only. Remember, the “ar” verb ending for “ellas” is “an”.

They (males and females) answer

Ellas contestan

They (males and females) arrive

Ellas llegan

They (males and females) ask

Ellas preguntan

They (males and females) buy

Ellas compran

They (males and females) dance

Ellas bailan

They (males and females) listen

Ellas escuchan

They (males and females) invite

Ellas invitan

They (males and females) watch

Ellas miran

They (males and females) need

Ellas necesitan

They (males and females) practice

Ellas practican

Finally, we’ll practice the conjugation for “All of You” or “ustedes”. Remember, that the “ar” verb ending changes to an “an”. The word “ustedes” in Spanish is abbreviated to “U-d-s- period”.

All of you rest

Uds. descansan

All of you sing

Uds. cantan

All of you talk

Uds. hablan

All of you study

Uds. estudian

All of you cook

Uds. cocinan

All of you take

Uds. toman

All of you visit

Uds. visitan

All of you walk

Uds. caminan

All of you work

Uds. trabajan

All of you travel

Uds. viajan

Let’s go over the “ar” endings one last time to help you remember them.

Yo                               o 

nosotros                                   amos

tú                     as

vosotros (used only in Spain)  áis








ustedes (uds.)

Here are the endings: o, as, a, amos, an   Look at them one more time and repeat aloud: o, as, a amos, an. Notice that we didn’t go over the “vosotros form” used in Spain. Basically, we wanted to show it for those of you going to Spain – so you’ll have an idea of how it works. But since all of the other endings are common wherever you go in Latin America, including Spain we’ll practice them the most in this course.

Now that you’ve learned the “Present Tense” conjugations for “ar” verbs, you can either review what we’ve gone over, or continue on to the ER/IR Verbs.

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