Spanish Present Tense AR Verb Conjugation
In this section you will learn present tense Spanish "ar" verb conjugation. When trying to learn a language, it is very important to conjugate verbs properly in order to be come fluent in that foreign language. Don't forget to use our free Spanish Learning Lounge!
We’ll start with “ar”-ending verbs and use the verb “tomar” as an example. To conjugate “tomar”, you change the “ar” ending for the person you’re talking about.
|I take would be – Yo tomo||we take would be - nosotros tomamos|
|(María) you take would be - Tú tomas Remember when you’re on a first-name basis with someone, you use “tú” instead of “usted”. Also, when you use “tú”, you always add what I like to call, the “friendly s”. Once more “tú tomas”||
you (plural) or all of you take = vosotros tomáis
(remember, this is only used in Spain)
|he takes would be –||
|(talking about a mixed group of males and females) they take -||
|she takes would be –||(talking about a group of females) they take –|
|Dr. Garcia, you take would be –||you (plural) or all of you take =|
When you conjugate in the present tense and say “Yo tomo” in Spanish, it means “I take, I do take, or I am taking”. However, to simplify it for you, we’ll just say “I take”.
Now, if you look at the conjugation chart, you’ll notice that there’s a pattern. These are the verb endings for ar verbs.
Let’s take a look and see how this works for the verb “estudiar” which means “to study”.
|I study would be – Yo estudio||we study would be - nosotros estudiamos|
(Juan) you study would be - Tú estudias
Remember when you’re on a first-name basis with Juan, you add the friendly “s”
you (plural) or all of you study = vosotros estudiáis
(remember, this is only used in Spain)
|he studies would be||
|(talking about group of males) they study -||
|she studies would be||(talking about a group of females) they study –|
|Dr. Garcia, you study would be –||you (plural) or all of you study =|
AR Spanish Practice
Now we’ll practice the conjugations you’ve learned person by person. If you are already familiar with this you may move on to the next topic. I suggest you read the verb conjugations aloud.
|I answer||Yo contesto|
|I arrive||Yo llego|
|I ask||You pregunto|
|I buy||Yo compro|
|I dance||Yo bailo|
|I listen||Yo escucho|
|I invite||Yo invito|
|I watch||Yo miro|
|I need||Yo necesito|
|I practice||Yo practico|
Now we’ll work on “tú” which is the “informal” way of saying “you”. Just remember, if you are on a first-name basis with someone like José or María, you would call them “tú” and add the “friendly s” at the end of the verb. Let’s try a few.
|Juan, you answer||Tú contestas|
|María, you arrive||Tú llegas|
|Juan, you ask||Tú preguntas|
|María, you buy||Tú compras|
|Juan, you dance||Tú bailas|
|María, you listen||Tú escuchas|
|Juan, you invite||Tú invitas|
|María, you watch||Tú miras|
|Juan, you need||Tú necesitas|
|María, you practice||Tú practicas|
Now let’s move to “he”. Remember that “he, she, and you formal” all end in an “a” for “ar” verbs. Are you ready to practice a few?
|he rests||Él descansa|
|he sings||Él canta|
|he talks||Él habla|
|he studies||Él estudia|
|he cooks||Él cocina|
|he takes||Él toma|
|he visits||Él visita|
|he walks||Él camina|
|he works||Él trabaja|
|he travels||Él viaja|
Next we’ll practice with “she”. She is conjugated just like “he” with an “a” on the end.
|She answers||Ella contesta|
|She arrives||Ella llega|
|She asks||Ella pregunta|
|She buys||Ella compra|
|She dances||Ella baila|
|She listens||Ella escucha|
|She invites||Ella invita|
|She watchs||Ella mira|
|She needs||Ella necesita|
|She practices||Ella practica|
Continuing, we’ll practice “You” formal which is “usted”. Remember that you use “usted” if you would use a title when speaking with someone. For example, “Dr. Garcia” or “Mrs. Fernandez”. Also, the word “usted” in Spanish is often abbreviated to “Ud.”. Let’s try a few.
|(Mrs. Garcia) You rest||Usted descansa|
|(Dr. Méndez) You sing||Usted canta|
|(Mrs. Garcia) You talk||Usted habla|
|(Dr. Méndez) You study||Usted estudia|
|(Mrs. Garcia) You cook||Usted cocina|
|(Dr. Méndez) You take||Usted toma|
|(Mrs. Garcia) You visit||Usted visita|
|(Dr. Méndez) You walk||Usted camina|
|(Mrs. Garcia) You work||Usted trabaja|
|(Dr. Méndez) You travel||Usted viaja|
Now, we’ll move on to “we” Remember, in Spanish the “we” conjugation ends with “amos” for “ar” verbs.
|We answer||Nosotros contestamos|
|We arrive||Nosotros llegamos|
|We ask||Nosotros preguntamos|
|We buy||Nosotros compramos|
|We dance||Nosotros bailamos|
|We listen||Nosotros escuchamos|
|We invite||Nosotros invitamos|
|We watch||Nosotros miramos|
|We need||Nosotros necesitamos|
|We practice||Nosotros practicamos|
Next, we’ll practice “they” if we’re talking about a group of males or mixed males and females. Remember, the “ar” verb ending for “ellos” is “an”.
|They (males and females) rest||Ellos descansan|
|They (males and females) sing||Ellos cantan|
|They (males and females) talk||Ellos hablan|
|They (males and females) study||Ellos estudian|
|They (males and females) cook||Ellos cocinan|
|They (males and females) take||Ellos toman|
|They (males and females) visit||Ellos visitan|
|They (males and females) walk||Ellos caminan|
|They (males and females) work||Ellos trabajan|
|They (males and females) travel||Ellos viajan|
Continuing, we’ll practice “they” if we’re talking about a group of females only. Remember, the “ar” verb ending for “ellas” is “an”.
|They (males and females) answer||Ellas contestan|
|They (males and females) arrive||Ellas llegan|
|They (males and females) ask||Ellas preguntan|
|They (males and females) buy||Ellas compran|
|They (males and females) dance||Ellas bailan|
|They (males and females) listen||Ellas escuchan|
|They (males and females) invite||Ellas invitan|
|They (males and females) watch||Ellas miran|
|They (males and females) need||Ellas necesitan|
|They (males and females) practice||Ellas practican|
Finally, we’ll practice the conjugation for “All of You” or “ustedes”. Remember, that the “ar” verb ending changes to an “an”. The word “ustedes” in Spanish is abbreviated to “U-d-s- period”.
|All of you rest||Uds. descansan|
|All of you sing||Uds. cantan|
|All of you talk||Uds. hablan|
|All of you study||Uds. estudian|
|All of you cook||Uds. cocinan|
|All of you take||Uds. toman|
|All of you visit||Uds. visitan|
|All of you walk||Uds. caminan|
|All of you work||Uds. trabajan|
|All of you travel||Uds. viajan|
Let’s go over the “ar” endings one last time to help you remember them.
|tú||as||vosotros (used only in Spain)||áis|
Here are the endings: o, as, a, amos, an Look at them one more time and repeat aloud: o, as, a amos, an. Notice that we didn’t go over the “vosotros form” used in Spain. Basically, we wanted to show it for those of you going to Spain – so you’ll have an idea of how it works. But since all of the other endings are common wherever you go in Latin America, including Spain we’ll practice them the most in this course.
Now that you’ve learned the “Present Tense” conjugations for “ar” verbs, you can either review what we’ve gone over, or continue on to the ER/IR Verbs.