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Learn Turkish

Turkish language is spoken by over 70 million of people in Europe and Asia. It is the official language in Turkey, and is also spoken by smaller groups of native speakers in Bulgaria, Macedonia, Greece, Cyprus, Germany and Central Asia.

Learning Turkish is easy! This website equips you with everything you need to know to make your first steps in learning this historic language. Learn basic Turkish phrases, commonly used Turkish words and Turkish verbs to build your first Turkish sentences, and explore the rich and authentic Turkish culture that dates over 10 centuries back.

Turkish Words

Start learning Turkish for free by memorizing some Turkish words that you’ll be able to use in everyday conversations with native speakers.

English Turkish Pronunciation
Now şimdi shim di
evening akşam ak sham
night gece ge jay
Black Siyah see yah
White Ak ak
Yellow Sarı saa rıh
Blue Mavi mao vee
Navy Lacivert la jee vert
Green Yeşil yea sheal
Red Kızıl khızıl
Pink Pembe pam bhe
Orange Turuncu too roon joo
Purple Mor more
Brown Kahverengi kaah ve rengi
Sunday Pazar paz ar
Monday Pazartesi paz ar tesi
Tuesday Salı saluh
Wednesday Çarşamba char sham ba
Thursday Perşembe per shem be
Friday Cuma juma
Saturday Cumartesi jumar tesi
Cheap ucuz oo juuz
Expensive pahalı pahaluh
coffee kahve kaahh veh
tea çay chaay
juice meyve suyu may veh soo yoo
soda water soda soh dah
water su soo
beer bira bee rah

Turkish Phrases

Learn most used Turkish phrases, Turkish greetings, popular expressions and phrases to help you get around and make yourself understood by native speakers.

English Turkish Pronunciation
Hello Merhaba Mer-ha-ba
Good morning Gunaydin Goon-ay-dun
Good evening Iyi Aksamlar Ee-y-Ak-sham-lar
Good night Iyi Geceler Ee-Gejeler
Goodbye Hosca kalin hosh cha Kalun
Excuse me Affedersiniz afer-dersiniz
I'm sorry/pardon Ozur dilerim urz urr dilerim
How much? kac para kach para
How many? Kac tane? kach taneh
How are you? Nasil-siniz? nass-uh sun uh
Is there any? Varmi? varmuh
Do you speak English? Ingilizce biliyor musunuz? engeeleejeh bill-i-yor mus-sun-uz
Please Lutfen Loot-fen
Thank you Teskkur ederim teshekur-ederum
Thanks Tesekkuler teshekur-lurbr
Yes Evet evet
No Hayir hi-uhr
Okay Taman taman
I want istiyorum ist-i-yorum
Where? Nerede? nehre-deh
Which? Hangi? han-guh
Hot Sicak suh-jak
Cold Soguk so-uk
Bill Hesap hessap
Open Acik ajik
Closed Kapali kapalug

Turkish Verbs

Turkish verbs are the key in building Turkish sentences and carrying on a conversation. Learn basic verbs. With easy Turkish conjugation, you’ll be able to use them straight away.

English Turkish English Turkish
To ask sormak To buy satın almak
To close kapamak To come gelmek
To cook pişirmek To do yapmak
To drink içmek To eat yemek
To give vermek To go gitmek
To know bilmek To learn öğrenmek
To listen dinlemek To meet tanışmak
To open açmak To read okumak
To run koşmak To say demek
To see görmek To sell satmak
To sit oturmak To smile gülmek
To stand up kalkmak To study öğrenmek
To swim yüzmek To take almak
To talk konuşmak To teach öğretmek
To understand bilmek To use kullanmak

Turkish Culture

Turkish culture is closely connected with the Turkish history, namely the glorious Ottoman Empire. This strong state, with the capital in magnificent Istanbul (former Costantinople, which used to be the capital of the Byzantine Empire), had dominated the European continent for centuries. Formed under the Ottoman Empire, where the sultans strived to modernize and westernize the country, and further modernized under the republic of Ataturk, Turkish culture and traditions are a unique mix of the Western and Eastern culture.

The Turkish architecture is most closely associated with beautiful Istanbul mosques. Yet, it was the Christian temple of St. Sophia (now referred to as Hagia Sophia) that became an architectural example and long-term inspiration for the Turkish architecture. These days, many Turkish mosques are still inspired by the style and proportions of the Hagia Sophia. On many buildings, one can see hand painted tiles of floral or abstract design – this is a traditional Turkish pottery. The tradition of hand painted pottery in a variety of bright colors and patterns emerged centuries back. Turkish pottery is now one of the symbols of the Turkish culture. Tourists from all over the world bring Turkish bowls, plates and cups, adding the touch of the Ottoman culture to their homes with traditional pottery.

Traditional Turkish cuisine consists of eggplant, tomatoes, peppers, grilled kebabs and yogurt sauces, all generously topped with Turkish spices. In the seaside regions of the country, fish and seafood are widely popular. The Turkish love good food, so you will be delighted at the good-size portions served with lots of fresh and marinated vegetables. Like other branches of Mediterranean cuisine, Turkish cuisine is largely based on marinated vegetables and olives, as well as wide variety of cheese. Olives and cheese are often served for breakfast, accompanied with fruits, vegetables and traditional Turkish coffee or tea.

With Istanbul being one of the top tourism destinations of 2014, Turkey is a very open and welcoming country, easy to get around and travel. It boasts a very modern transportation system, and a wide range of affordable accommodation options. Learning Turkish will help you gain better understanding of Turkey and its exotic culture.

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