Spanish Imperative Irregular Ud.-Uds. Spanish Verb Conjugation

There are 3 sets of Spanish irregular verbs for Ud. and Uds. commands that follow certain patterns and rules. The key is to go over all the lessons in this section enough so these verbs become second nature to you - so you don’t have to think of the rule every time you try to conjugate the verb. With enough practice and repetition, you can get to the point where correct conjugation will just come out naturally.

Spanish mini-course

First we’ll look at a group of 18 irregulars. With 15 of the 18 of these, to get the stem, you take the “yo” present tense form, then put on the opposite ending. For example, the “yo” present tense form of “to leave” is “salgo”, so you just take off the “o” and put on the opposite ending. Let’s take a look at the first 15 that follow this rule.

tener (becomes) tenga/n (for Ud. and tengan for Uds.) venir venga/n valer valga/n These last 3 don’t follow the “yo” present tense rule. They are simply irregular. There’s no rule for them. You’ll simply have to memorize them.
hacer haga/n salir salga/n saber sepa/n
traducir traduzca/n decir diga/n ser sea/n
traer traiga/n oír oiga/n ver vea/n

The rule of taking the “yo” form of the present tense conjugation to find the stem also applies to this second group of irregular verbs. These are stem-changing verb that you learned back in present tense. Let’s take a look at these:

eàie oàue
cerrar (becomes) cierre/n (for Ud. and cierren for Uds.) dormer duerma/n
eài iày
pedir pida/n destruir destruya/n

Now take a look at charts of all of the irregulars you have learned up to this point that apply in this area.

oàue eàie
sleep (dormir) duerma/n close (cerrar) cierre/n
be able (poder) pueda/n feel (sentir) sienta/n
count (contar) cuente/n start (empezar) empiece/n
die (morir) muera/n lose (perder) pierda/n
eat lunch (almorzar) almuerce/n prefer (preferir) prefiera/n
find (encontrar) encuentre/n require (requerir) requiera/n
move (mover) mueva/n start (comenzar) comience/n
play (jugar) juegue/n think (pensar) piense/n
remember (recordar) recuerde/n understand (entender) entienda/n
return (volver) vuelva/n want (querer) quiera/n
return an item (devolver) devuelva/n recommend (recomendar) recomiende/n
show (mostrar) muestre/n    
eài iày
ask for (pedir) pida/n destroy (destruir) destruya/n
follow (seguir) siga/n include (incluir) incluya/n
get (conseguir) consiga/n    
repeat (repetir) repita/n    
serve (server) sirva/n    

Just take a minute to look at them and read through them to start becoming familiar with them. But don’t worry about memorizing them for now. We’ll go through plenty of practice with these in the following corresponding software lessons.

Now we’ll look at the third and final group of irregulars. They are only irregular in spelling. The first one is “pagar”. If I changed the “ar” to an “e”, it would be pronounced “page”. So, to make it so it’s pronounce “pague”, we have to put a “u” after the “g”. Something similar happens to the verb “practicar” which would become “practice”; so we have to add a “qu” for it to become “practique”. Finally is the verb “empezar”. Spanish has a rule that you can never have a “z-e” or “z-i", so it changes the “z” to a “c”.

Here’s a chart of irregulars to look at and become familiar with.

Spelling Changes

-gar to gue/guen -car to que/quen -zar to ce/cen
pagar pague/n practicar practique/n empezar empiece/n
entregar entregue/n buscar busque/n comenzar comience/n
pegar pegue/n explicar explique/n almorzar almuerce/n
llegar llegue/n sacar saque/n    
jugar juegue/n tocar toque/n    

Finally, there are 2 verbs that are irregular in the fact that they need accents. The verb “dar” becomes “dé” with an accent to distinguish it from the proposition “de” which means “of from or about”. However, the Uds. version is regular and doesn’t have an accent. The final one is “estar” which needs an accent over the “e” in both the Ud. as well as the “Uds.” conjugation.

Dar (to give) dé/den
Estar (to be) esté/estén

Spanish Review

don't sleep (Sra. Vargas) no duerma
count (Sr. Álvarez) cuente
don't die (Sra. Vásquez) no muera
eat lunch (Sr. Tapia) almuerce
find (Sra. Fernández) encuentre
move (Sr. Sanchez) mueva
play (Sra. Carrasco) juegue
remember (Sr. Gómez) recuerde
return (Sra. Cortés) vuelva
return/give back (an item) (Sr. Hernandez) devuelva
show (Sra. Sanchez) muestre
close (Sr. Herrera) cierre
don't feel (Sra. Nuñez) no sienta
don't begin (Sr. García) no empiece
don't lose (Sra. Rivera) no pierda
don't require (Sr. Miranda) no requiera
don't start (Sra. Bravo) no comience
don't think (Sr. Molina) no piense
understand (Sra. Vega) entienda
don't want (Sr. Campos) no quiera
don't recommend (Sra. Sandoval) no recomiende
ask for (all of you) pidan
follow (all of you) sigan
get/obtain (all of you) consigan
repeat (all of you) repitan
serve (all of you) sirvan
destroy (all of you) destruyan
include (all of you) incluyan
pagar (all of you) paguen
entregar (all of you) entreguen
pegar (all of you) peguen
don't arrive (all of you) no lleguen
don't play (all of you) no jueguen
don't practice (all of you) no practiquen
don't look for (all of you) no busquen
don't explain (all of you) no expliquen
don't take out (all of you) no saquen
don't touch (all of you) no toquen
don't eat lunch (all of you) no almuercen

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