Spanish Present Perfect AR Spanish Verb Conjugation

Hola, and welcome to the Spanish “have verb” section. The correct grammatical name for this verb tense is the “present perfect” tense. I don’t know why the grammar specialists decided to name it “present perfect” because it’s basically about things that happened in the past. Don't forget to use the free Spanish flash cards and Lingo Dingo game!

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Here are a few examples of Spanish "have" verbs: "I have eaten”, “She has read the book”, “He has jumped”, “You have sung”, and so forth.

Let’s learn how to conjugate this tense in Spanish. First, we start off by conjugating a form of the verb “haber” (which indicates the past “have” or “present perfect” tense), then we put an ending on “ar” verbs and a different ending on “er/ir” verbs.

“I have” would be “(Yo) He We have would be (Nosotros) Hemos After choosing the correct form of “haber”, you simply ad “a-d-o” on the end of  “ar” verbs and “i-d-o” for “er/ir” verbs. - ado  (“ar” verbs”) - ido (“er/ir” verbs)
(Juan or María) (You) have would be “(Tú) Has” “tú” plural (used in Spain) have (Vosotros) Habéis
He has, she has or Sr. García, you have would
(El, Ella, or Ud.) Ha
They, or all of you have would be (Ellos, Ellas or Uds.) Han Remember, just like all the other tenses, the pronouns are optional.

Now, repeat the forms of “haber” with me, “he”, “has”, “ha”, “hemos”, “habéis – used only in Spain” and “han”.

Now, let’s practice with a few “ar” verbs to help you get the hang of it.

She has changed Ha cambiado
All of you have worked Han trabajado
Sra. Rodríguez, you have sung. Ha cantado
We have taught Hemos enseñado
Rosa, have you eaten breakfast? (Rosa), has desayunado
They have studied Han estudiado
He has finished Ha terminado
I have danced He bailado

Moving on, I need to show you briefly how direct objects work with “have verbs”. Basically, the “direct object pronoun” or “me, te, lo, la” and so forth always come before. Let’s look at a few examples:

I have cooked it would be Lo he cocinado
“She has not bought it” would be No lo ha comprado
He has helped me would be Me ha ayudado
Juan, you have waited for us would be Nos has esperado
And – “we have not waited for her” would be No la hemos esperado

Before we continue to our practice session, we need to go over a few new words:

the clothes la ropa
the drawing el dibujo
the party la fiesta
twice dos veces
the medicine la medicina
the flower la flor
the people la gente
the letter la carta
the money el dinero

In the following practice session, you will practice “ar” have verbs. Remember, first you conjugate a form of the verb “haber”, then add on the verb and change the “ar” ending to “ado”.

"Have" Spanish Practice Session 1

Remember that in Spanish you can add on pronouns if you want (in other words: el, ella, Ud. and so forth) but we’ll practice without the pronouns since native speakers usually leave them off. Remember, that they are mainly used if you really want to emphasize someone or if you need to clarify whom you’re talking about. For example, the phrase “She has spoken” would be “ha hablado”. However, if you simply said “ha hablado” and you weren’t referring to someone specific, nodody would know who you’te talking about. In this case you would need to clarify by saying “Ella ha hablado”. That being said, native speakers still mostly leave off the pronouns so we’ll do the same as we practice. Let’s go ahead and start. Are you ready?

I have taken the medicine He tomado la medicina
He has eaten dinner twice Ha cenado dos veces
She has worn the clothes Ha llevado la ropa
We have planned the party Hemos planeado la fiesta
(Juan) You have drawn it (el dibujo) Lo has dibujado
They have kept the flower Han guardado la flor
(Sr. Duarte) has never traveled Nunca ha viajado
All of you have watched the people Han mirado a la gente
He has not returned No ha regresado
She has not sent it (la carta) No la ha mandado
(Rosa) You have sung a lot Has cantado mucho
We have spent a lot of money Hemos gastado mucho dinero
They have never studied Nunca han estudiado
(Sra. Fernández) has not invited me No me ha invitado

You have completed this lesson. Seguro que ha aprendido mucho. (I’m sure you’ve learned a lot!)