Present Perfect AR Spanish Verb Conjugation
Hola, and welcome to the Spanish “have verb” section. The correct grammatical name for this verb tense is the “present perfect” tense. I don’t know why the grammar specialists decided to name it “present perfect” because it’s basically about things that happened in the past. Don't forget to use the free Spanish flash cards and Lingo Dingo game!
Here are a few examples of Spanish "have" verbs: "I have eaten”, “She has read the book”, “He has jumped”, “You have sung”, and so forth.
Let’s learn how to conjugate this tense in Spanish. First, we start off by conjugating a form of the verb “haber” (which indicates the past “have” or “present perfect” tense), then we put an ending on “ar” verbs and a different ending on “er/ir” verbs.
|“I have” would be “(Yo) He||We have would be (Nosotros) Hemos||After choosing the correct form of “haber”, you simply ad “a-d-o” on the end of “ar” verbs and “i-d-o” for “er/ir” verbs. - ado (“ar” verbs”) - ido (“er/ir” verbs)|
|(Juan or María) (You) have would be “(Tú) Has”||“tú” plural (used in Spain) have (Vosotros) Habéis|
|He has, she has or Sr. García, you have would
(El, Ella, or Ud.) Ha
|They, or all of you have would be (Ellos, Ellas or Uds.) Han Remember, just like all the other tenses, the pronouns are optional.|
Now, repeat the forms of “haber” with me, “he”, “has”, “ha”, “hemos”, “habéis – used only in Spain” and “han”.
Now, let’s practice with a few “ar” verbs to help you get the hang of it.
|She has changed||Ha cambiado|
|All of you have worked||Han trabajado|
|Sra. Rodríguez, you have sung.||Ha cantado|
|We have taught||Hemos enseñado|
|Rosa, have you eaten breakfast?||(Rosa), has desayunado|
|They have studied||Han estudiado|
|He has finished||Ha terminado|
|I have danced||He bailado|
Moving on, I need to show you briefly how direct objects work with “have verbs”. Basically, the “direct object pronoun” or “me, te, lo, la” and so forth always come before. Let’s look at a few examples:
|I have cooked it would be||Lo he cocinado|
|“She has not bought it” would be||No lo ha comprado|
|He has helped me would be||Me ha ayudado|
|Juan, you have waited for us would be||Nos has esperado|
|And – “we have not waited for her” would be||No la hemos esperado|
Before we continue to our practice session, we need to go over a few new words:
|the clothes||la ropa|
|the drawing||el dibujo|
|the party||la fiesta|
|the medicine||la medicina|
|the flower||la flor|
|the people||la gente|
|the letter||la carta|
|the money||el dinero|
In the following practice session, you will practice “ar” have verbs. Remember, first you conjugate a form of the verb “haber”, then add on the verb and change the “ar” ending to “ado”.
"Have" Spanish Practice Session 1
Remember that in Spanish you can add on pronouns if you want (in other words: el, ella, Ud. and so forth) but we’ll practice without the pronouns since native speakers usually leave them off. Remember, that they are mainly used if you really want to emphasize someone or if you need to clarify whom you’re talking about. For example, the phrase “She has spoken” would be “ha hablado”. However, if you simply said “ha hablado” and you weren’t referring to someone specific, nodody would know who you’te talking about. In this case you would need to clarify by saying “Ella ha hablado”. That being said, native speakers still mostly leave off the pronouns so we’ll do the same as we practice. Let’s go ahead and start. Are you ready?
|I have taken the medicine||He tomado la medicina|
|He has eaten dinner twice||Ha cenado dos veces|
|She has worn the clothes||Ha llevado la ropa|
|We have planned the party||Hemos planeado la fiesta|
|(Juan) You have drawn it (el dibujo)||Lo has dibujado|
|They have kept the flower||Han guardado la flor|
|(Sr. Duarte) has never traveled||Nunca ha viajado|
|All of you have watched the people||Han mirado a la gente|
|He has not returned||No ha regresado|
|She has not sent it (la carta)||No la ha mandado|
|(Rosa) You have sung a lot||Has cantado mucho|
|We have spent a lot of money||Hemos gastado mucho dinero|
|They have never studied||Nunca han estudiado|
|(Sra. Fernández) has not invited me||No me ha invitado|
You have completed this lesson. Seguro que ha aprendido mucho. (I’m sure you’ve learned a lot!)