Past Subjunctive AR Spanish Verb Conjugation
Now we'll take a look at past subjunctive AR Spanish verb conjugation. Remember to practice with our free Spanish flashcards and language review games!
To form the past subjunctive for AR verbs, you take the root of the verb and add the following endings:
Using the chart, let’s see if you can guess how these would work. Are you ready?
|I wanted them to cook||Yo quería que cocinaran|
|Maybe they helped||Tal vez ayudaran|
|If she sent the documents…||Si mandara los documentos|
|She wanted me to plan it.||Ella quería que yo lo planeara|
|They insisted that I drive.||Ellos insistieron en que yo manejara|
|Before he ate breakfast||Antes que desayunara (él)|
|I didn’t believe that he walked||Yo no creía que (él) caminara|
Go ahead and repeat the endings one more time:
Now, one thing you need to know is that the past subjunctive also has an alternate set of endings and here they are:
Honestly, these endings are rarely used and if you don’t become fluent in them, you’ll still be able to communicate perfectly. In fact, many Americans don’t ever become really fluent at past subjunctive period. So, by going through these lessons and practicing, you’ll be a step ahead of the rest. If you’re a real overachiever, you may want to look at the alternate endings.
Here’s an example of a verbs conjugated with the alternate endings.
Now, before we finish this lesson, there’s one more item we need to hit. When you use “if” to trigger the Past Subjunctive, you generally use a “would” or “conditional” phrase to compliment it.
Let’s look at a few examples:
If I won a million dollars, I would by a nice car.
As I give you the Spanish equivalent, notice how I used the “if” and “past subjunctive” as well as the “would” clause.
Si ganara un millón de dólares, compraría un buen carro.
Let’s look at a couple more.
If I were retired, I would travel around the world.
Si fuera jubilado, viajaría por todo el mundo.
If I were president, I would lower taxes.
Si fuera presidente, bajaría los impuestos.
Feel free to repeat this lesson as many times as you’d like, then move on to the other lessons to practice more.
|I doubted that he worked||dudé que trabajara|
|we wanted him to win||queríamos que ganara|
|they liked her to visit||les gustaba que visitara|
|we needed them to wait||necesitabamos que esperaran|
|you (Sra. Salinas) preferred them to sing||prefería que cantaran|
|you all told us to walk||nos dijeron que caminaramos|
|it was important that I study||fue importante que estudiara|
|it was hard for him to teach||fue dificil que enseñara|
|you (Lorena) were hoping that she would help||esperabas que ayudara|
|I wished him to explain||deseaba que explicara|
|she didn't believe that we would finish||no creía que terminaramos|
|it was necessary for them to use||era necesario que usaran|
|we asked you (Andres) to fix||pedimos que arreglaras|
|you (Sr. Valdés) insisted that we eat breakfast||insistió en que desayunaramos|
|it's possible that he paid||es posible que pagara|
|you (Dario) don't think that she practiced||no crees que practicara|
|...so that I needed||...para que necesitara|
|before we entered||antes que entraramos|
|perhaps they cleaned||tal vez limpiaran|
|unless you (Paola) delivered||a menos que entregaras|
|hopefully you all listened||ojalá que escucharan|
|as long as you (Sra. Escobar) ate dinner||con tal de que cenara|